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Cognitive Stimulation Therapy


Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) is a programme of themed activities, covering a range of topics and is designed to improve the mental abilities and memory of someone with dementia.

CST is an intervention for people with dementia that offers enjoyable activities to provide stimulation for thinking, concentration and memory with a small group in a relaxed social setting. Taking part in mentally stimulating activities is associated with better cognitive function and is one of the types of non-medical intervention recommended by NICE (National Institute for Clinical Excellence).

Carried out over several weeks in small groups, the programme is usually carried out over 14 sessions, each lasting around 45 minutes and containing structured discussions and group activities. Groups are deliberately small, usually consisting of only five to eight people.

Each session follows the same structure, though the theme changes. Topics might include childhood, food, current affairs and using money. Different activities will be offered around each theme, for example, one week the activities might involve word puzzles or games, another week playing a musical instrument. The group provides a supportive atmosphere and the activities  offer a range of multi-sensory and enjoyable experiences.

CST Groups:

Groups usually meet on a weekly basis for 14 weeks. This can be followed by a 24-week maintenance programme. Topics followed are wide ranging, thought provoking and great fun. They include number games, physical games, creative activities and reminiscence.

Tibbs Dementia Foundation, the Alzheimer’s Society and Carers in Bedfordshire offer a Cognitive Stimulation group or therapy.

If you would like to know more about CST Groups currently running on Zoom, please contact the Memory Navigation Service on 0300 111 9090.

Activity Sheets:

We've put together activity sheets covering a variety of themes that you can be sent fortnightly by email or by post. Their aim is to provide you with pictures, trivia, quizzes and puzzles to jog memories, start conversations and keep the brain stimulated, especially at a time when we are less able to engage in our normal activities. 

Themes have included Seaside Holidays, Television, Weather, British Food, Books, Transport and much more. 

If you would like to recieve these activity sheets please get in touch 0300 111 9090 or you can email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

Below are some examples of pages from previous sheets. You can click the images to enlarge them:

seaside what three thingstypes of booksname that plant tree or floweralphabetical leisure activities